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HOUSEHOLD PRODUCTS. FACTS. HEALTH ISSUES. (Health Letter – April 2012)

HAZARDOUS household products
HOUSEHOLDS. Health Issues. ASTHMA Statistics.
1. Approximately 20 million Americans have asthma.
2. The prevalence of asthma increased 75% from 1980-1994.

CHILDREN
1. Nine million U.S. children under 18 have been diagnosed with asthma.
2. Asthma is the most common serious chronic disease of childhood.
3. An average of one out of every 13 school-aged children has asthma.
4. Asthma is the third-ranking cause of hospitalization among children under 15.

AFRICAN AMERICANS
1. Asthma prevalence is 39% higher in African Americans than in Caucasians.
2. African Americans have highest asthma rates of any racial/ethnic group. Compared to Caucasians.

WOMEN
1. The prevalence of asthma in adult females was 42% greater than the rate in adult males according to a 2004 survey by the Center for Disease Control.

HOUSEHOLDS. Vulnerability of CHILDREN.ASTHMA and household cleaning
1. Children are highly vulnerable to chemical toxicants. Pound for pound of body weight children drink more water, eat more food and breathe more air than adults.
2. Carcinogenic and toxic exposures sustained early in life including prenatal exposures appear more likely to lead to disease than similar exposures encountered later.
3. Faster metabolisms in children speed up their absorption of contaminants.
4. Babies don’t excrete contaminants or store them away in fat in the same ways that adults do, making the poisons more available to affect rapidly growing bodies.
5. Children exposed in the womb are at greatest risk of all.

HOUSEHOLD CLEANERS and ASTHMA.
1. Common household cleaners and appliances give off fumes, which can potentially increase the risk of developing asthma in children.
2. Environmental exposures early in life, including the womb, may influence the development of wheezing and asthma.
3. Strong links have been found between the use of domestic and industrial cleaning products and the risk of asthma.
4. Using household cleaning sprays and air fresheners as little as once a week can raise the risk of developing asthma in adults.
asthma and toxic cleaning

ALL PURPOSE CLEANERS

Many all-purpose cleaners contain neurotoxins and nasal irritants that can be absorbed through the skin or inhaled. Synthetic solvents may cause hormone disruption. Maternal exposure to toxic chemicals during pregnancy can disrupt development or even cause the death of the fetus. Effects can include birth defects, low birth weight, biological dysfunctions, or psychological or behavioral deficits that become manifest as the child grows.

Sources: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (1998). Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (1999); Scorecard (2007).

Butyl Cellosolve

(2-butoxyethanol, 2-butoxyethanol acetate or Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether)
Butyl cellosolve is a high volume chemical with production exceeding 1 million pounds annually.
  • The general population is exposed to 2-butoxyethanol and 2-butoxyethanol acetate mainly by breathing air or having skin contact with liquids, particularly household cleaners, which contain these compounds.
  • Butyl cellosolve is a toxic glycol ether chemical used in cleaning solutions. Material Safety Data Sheet reports potential irritation and tissue damage from inhalation, ingestion, cutaneous, and/or ocular exposure.
  • People who swallowed large amounts of cleaning agents containing Butyl cellosolve experienced breathing problems, low blood pressure, low levels of hemoglobin, acidic blood, and blood in the urine.
Butyl Cellosolve may be also contained in jewelry and electronics cleansers, all purpose cleaners, carpet stain removers.

 

Formaldehyde

Formaldehyde is a preservative found in many household products.
Formaldehyde is an anticipated carcinogen.
  • Low levels of formaldehyde cause irritation of the eyes, nose, throat, and skin.
  • People with asthma may be more sensitive to the effects of inhaled formaldehyde.
  • Drinking large amounts of formaldehyde can cause severe pain, vomiting, coma, and possible death.
  • In animal studies, rats developed nose cancer from formaldehyde.
Formaldehyde may be also contained in body washes, hand soaps, and baby products.

LAUNDRY DETERGENTS
toxic laundry detergents and health effect

 

Monoethanolamine (MEA)
  • Very hazardous irritants to eyes characterized by redness, watering, itchiness and inflammation.
  • Inhalation may produce severe irritation and tissue damage to eyes, mouth and respiratory tract.
  • Linked to ASTHMA.
  • Ingestion may cause chemical burns or mouth and esophagus, dizziness, vomiting & COMA.
  • Leads to kidney and liver damage.
  • Skin contact may produce pain, swelling and burns.
Monoethanolamine (MEA) may be also contained in all-purpose cleaners, window cleaners.

 

Sulfuric Acid
  • Low concentrations can cause dermatitis with repeated exposure.
  • High concentrations may cause redness, irritation and burns with prolonged skin contact.
  • Can cause severe irritation and burns, which may result in scarring to skin and eyes.
  • Can cause permanent blindness.
  • Extensive acid burns may result in DEATH.

 

AUTOMATIC DISHWASHER DETERGENTSAUTOMATIC DISHWASHER DETERGENTS hazardous Chlorine

 

Chlorine

Some products contain dry chlorine that is activated when it encounters water in the dish dishwasher. Chlorine fumes are released in the steam that leaks out of the dishwasher, and can cause eye irritation.

CARPET CLEANERS

Can be extremely toxic to children; who tend to play and crawl around on carpets. The fumes given off by carpet cleaners can cause cancer and liver damage.

Naphthalene

  • Possible human carcinogen found in moth balls and metal polishes.
  • Exposure to large amounts of napthalene may lead to hemolytic anemia.
  • Napthalene may cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, blood in the urine, and a yellow color to skin.
  • Mice that breathed naphthalene vapors daily for a lifetime developed lung tumors and some developed nose tumors.
Sources: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (2005).

 

Bleach

The chemical known as hypochlorite in bleach causes more poisoning exposures than any other household cleaning substance.
  • May cause reproductive, endocrine, and immune system disorders.
Source: Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers’ National Poisoning and Exposure Database (2005).

 

DEGREASERS

Many degreasers contain petroleum distillates and butyl cellosolve.
  • Can damage lung tissues and dissolve fatty tissue surrounding nerve cells.
DRAIN CLEANERS
Often contain lye or sodium hydroxide
  • Strong caustic substances that cause severe corrosive damage to eyes, skin, mouth and stomach, and can be fatal if swallowed.
Also may be contained in vegetable rinses, baby products, hair sprays, skin creams.

 

GLASS CLEANERS
Ammonia
  • Exposure to high levels of ammonia in air may be irritating to your skin, eyes, throat, and lungs and cause coughing and burns.
  • Asthma sufferers may be more sensitive to breathing ammonia than others.
  • Swallowing concentrated solutions of ammonia can cause burns in your  mouth, throat, and stomach. Getting ammonia into the eyes can cause burns and even blindness.

 

OVEN CLEANERS

One of the most dangerous cleaning products, oven cleaners can cause severe damage to eyes, skin, mouth and throat.
Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry.

 

Sodium hydroxide
  • Very corrosive and can cause severe burns in all tissues that come in contact with it.

    CORROSIVE_FROM_TOOTH_PASTE

    Corrosive impact of a tooth paste

  • Odorless; thus, odor provides no warning of hazardous concentrations.
  • Inhalation of sodium hydroxide is immediately irritating to the respiratory tract.
  • Swelling or spasms of the larynx leading to upper-airway obstruction and asphyxia can occur after high-dose inhalation. Inflammation of the lungs and an accumulation of fluid in the lungs may also occur.
  • Cancer of the esophagus has been reported 15 to 40 years after the formation of corrosion-induced strictures.
  • Ingestion of solid or liquid forms of sodium hydroxide can cause spontaneous vomiting, chest and abdominal pain, and difficulty swallowing.
  • Corrosive injury to the mouth, throat, esophagus, and stomach is very rapid and may result in perforation, hemorrhage, and narrowing of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Skin contact with sodium hydroxide can cause severe burns with deep ulcerations.
  • Sodium hydroxide contact with the eye may produce pain and irritation, and in severe cases, clouding of the eye and blindness.
  • Long-term exposure to sodium hydroxide in the air may lead to ulceration of the nasal passages and chronic skin irritation.
Sodium hydroxide may be also contained in all-purpose cleaners, stain removers, tooth pastes, disinfectants, water softeners, baby lotions, body soaps, teeth whiteners.

 

SCOURING CLEANERS

Some cleaners may contain sodium hydroxide (see above) or bleach that can irritate mucous membranes and cause LIVER AND KIDNEY DAMAGE.

 

SCALE OR LIME REMOVERS

These are products designed to remove mineral buildup like lime, scale and soap scum.
Source: ScienceLab.com.

Sulfamic Acid
  • Toxic to lungs and mucous membranes.
  • Direct skin contact with sulfamic acid is corrosive and causes irritation, dryness or burning.
  • Eye contact can result in corneal damage or blindness.
  • Inhalation of sulfamic acid will produce irritation to gastro-intestinal or respiratory tract with burning, sneezing or coughing.
  • Severe over exposure of sulfamic acid can produce lung damage, choking, unconsciousness or death.
Sulfamic acid may be also contained in dishwasher powders, coffee maker cleaners, scrubbing bubbles.

 

TOILET BOWL CLEANERS

Can contain chlorine and hydrochloric acid. Harmful to health simply by breathing during use.

Hydrochloride / Hydrochloric Acid (HCI)

  • Can cause severe damage to skin and eyes.
  • Brief exposure to low levels of HCI vapor causes throat irritation.
  • Exposure to higher levels of HCI can result in rapid breathing, narrowing of the bronchioles, blue coloring of the skin, accumulation of fluid in the lungs, and even death.
  • Exposure to even higher levels of HCI can cause swelling, spasm of the throat and suffocation.
  • Some people exposed to HCI may develop an inflammatory reaction called reactive airways dysfunction syndrome (RADS), a type of asthma caused by some irritating or corrosive substances.
  • Swallowing HCI causes severe corrosive injury to the lips, mouth, throat, esophagus, and stomach.
non toxic houses
NON-TOXIC CHOICES: SHAKLEE GET CLEAN
Non toxic cleaning products by Get Celan ShakleeAlways Safe
Nontoxic cleaning choices
Does not contain the following chemicals:
  • Phthalates 1,4-Dioxane
  • Volatile organic cleaning compounds
  • Hydrochloric acid
  • Ammonia
  • Sodium hydroxide
  • Butyl cellosolve
  • Formaldehyde
  • Harmful fumes
  • and More
Always Works
  • Outperforms or rivals 15 national brands
  • 100% money-back guarantee
  • Dish Wash Liquid Concentrate is twice as effective on grease as Method® Dish Soap and Seventh Generation® Dishwashing Liquid*
  • Fresh Laundry Concentrate HE Compatible is 30% better at removing dirt and stains than All® Small & Mighty Liquid® Laundry Detergent in HE machines**
  • Nature Bright Laundry Booster is 60% more effective on grass stains than OxiClean® ***
Always Green
  • Natural and naturally derived ingredients from sustainable sources
  • Packaging is free of bisphenol-A, phthalates, and toxic inks
  • Biodegradable surfactants
  • Recyclable packaging, wipes, and dryer sheets
  • No chlorine bleach, phosphates, nitrates, or borates
  • Concentrated products save energy, eliminate excess packaging

 


Order non-toxic Shaklee cleaning products >>

talking about green households

Printer Friendly Newsletter April 2012

Data Related to Typical Household Cleaners
Partially Compiled by Shaklee Corporation, May 2008
©2008 Shaklee Corporation
References
  • Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (2004). Retrieved Feb 2007 from the World Wide Web: Toxicological Profile for Ammonia; Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (1999). Retrieved Feb 2007 from the World Wide Web: Toxicological Profile for Formaldehyde.
  • Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Managing Hazardous Materials Incidents. Volume III – Medical Management Guidelines for Acute Chemical Exposures.  Retrieved Feb 2007 from the World Wide Web: Hydrogen Chloride.
  • Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (2005). Retrieved Feb 2007 from the World Wide Web: Toxicological Profile for Naphthalene, 1-Methylnaphthalene, and 2-Methylnaphthalene
  • American Lung Association (2005). Epidemiology & Statistics Unit, Research and Program Services. Trends in Asthma Morbidity and Mortality.
  • Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers’ National Poisoning and Exposure Database (2005). Retrieved Feb 2007 from the World Wide Web:
    http://www.aapcc.org/Annual%20Reports/05report/2005%20Publsihed.pdf
  • Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America. Asthma Facts and Figures. Retrieved Feb 2007 from the World Wide Web: http://www.aafa.org/display.cfm?id=8&sub=42
  • Atmospheric Sciences Department, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, (2006). Indoor Air, 16(3), 179-191.
  • California Environmental Protection Agency, Air Resources Board, Chlorinated Chemicals in Your Home, (2001).
  • Centers for Disease Control. Surveillance for Asthma, United States, 1960-1995, MMWR. 1998; 47 (SS-1).
  • Environmental Health Perspectives Supplements, June 2000 v107 supplement 3.
  • EPA Asthma Facts. Retrieved Feb 2007 from the World Wide Web: http://www.epa.gov/asthma/pdfs/asthma_fact_sheet_en.pdf
  • Klepeis, N.E., Tsang, A.M., and Behar, J.V. Analysis of the National Human Activity Pattern Survey (NHAPS) Respondents from a Standpoint of Exposure Assessment. Final EPA Report, EPA/600/R-96/074: Washington, D.C., 1996.
  • Landrigan, P.J., et al, (1998). Children’s Health and the Environment: A New Agenda for Prevention Research, Environmental Health Perspectives 106, Supplement 3, June.
  • Landrigan, P.J., et al, (2006). The national children’s study: a 21-year prospective study of 100,000 American children. Pediatrics, 118(5), 2173-2186.
  • Landrigan, P.J. & Garg, A. (2002). Chronic effects of toxic environmental exposures on children’s health. Journal of Toxicology: Clinical Toxicology, 40(4), 449-456.
  • Landrigan, P.J. & Weiss, B. (2000). Environmental Health Perspectives Supplements, v107 supplement 3, June. Retrieved Feb 2007 from the World Wide Web:  http://www.ehponline.org/docs/2000/suppl-3/intro.html
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Retrieved Feb 2007 from the World Wide Web: http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/duip/poisonweek.htm
  • National Health Interview Survey, (2006). National Center for Health Statistics, CDC.
  • National Research Council (1993). Pesticides in the Diets of Infants and Children; National Academy Press: Washington, DC.
  • News-Medical.Net. Retrieved Feb 2007 from the World Wide Web: http://www.news-medical.net/?id=18127
  • Office of Environmental Health & Safety, Boston University. Retrieved Feb 2007 from the World Wide Web: http://www.bu.edu/es/labsafety/ESMSDSs/MSPhosphoricAcid.html
  • PBS.org, Trade Secrets: A Moyers Report (2001). Retrieved Feb 2007 from the World Wide Web: http://www.pbs.org/tradesecrets/problem/children.html
  • Revenga, C. & Mock, G. (2000). Dirty Water: Pollution Problems Persist. World Resources Institute. Rumchev, K. et al. (2004).
    Thorax, 59(9), 746-751.
  • Scorecard (2007). Retrieved Feb 2007 from the World Wide Web: http://www.scorecard.org/healtheffects/explanation.tcl?short_hazard_name=devel
  • ScienceLab.com. Retrieved Feb 2007 from the World Wide Web: http://www.sciencelab.com/xMSDS-Sulfamic_acid-9927286
  • Singer, B.C., et al (2006). Cleaning products and air fresheners: emissions and resulting concentrations of glycol ethers and terpenoids. Indoor Air, 16(3), 179-191.
  • Sterling, T. D., et al (1991). Relative cancer risk of homemakers. Proc. Interface. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Children: National Health Interview Survey, 2002. Series 10, Number 221.2004-1549
  • Thorax, Nov 2003 58(11), 950-954.
  • Thorax, Jan 2005 60(1) 45-49.
  • University of California at Berkeley. Retrieved Feb 2007 from the World Wide Web: www.berkeley.edu/news/media/releases/2006/05/22_householdchemicals.shtml
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service. Retrieved Feb 2007 from the World Wide Web: http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/tfacts126.pdf
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service. Retrieved Feb 2007 from the World Wide Web: http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/tfacts117.html
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service. Retrieved Feb 2007 from the World Wide Web: http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/MHMI/mmg173.html
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service. Retrieved Feb 2007 from the World Wide Web: http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/MHMI/mmg178.html
  • U.S. EPA. Retrieved Feb 2007 from the World Wide Web: www.epa.gov/iaq/voc.html
  • U.S. EPA. Retrieved Feb 2007 from the World Wide Web: http://www.epa.gov/msw/hhw.htm
  • U.S. EPA. Retrieved Feb 2007 from the World Wide Web: http://www.epa.gov/msw/hhw-list.htm
  • U.S. EPA, New Chemicals Program. Retrieved Feb 2007 from the World Wide Web: http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/newchems/pubs/invntory.htm
  • Zock, J. P., et al (2007). The Use of Household Cleaning Sprays and Adult Asthma. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine Vol 176, 735-741.
* These performance comparisons were done on June 6, 2007, and are valid only for the named products marketed at that time.
** These performance comparisons were done on August 9, 2007, and are valid only for the named products marketed at that time.
*** These performance comparisons were done on January 31, 2008, and are valid only for the named products marketed at that time.
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